Experts Speak

  • October 16, 2021
    Indian Space Association (ISpA) Launched
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    ISpA will undertake policy advocacy and engage with all stakeholders in the Indian Space domain. This will include the government and its agencies, to make India self-reliant, technologically advanced and a leading player in the space arena.

  • October 16, 2021
    ISTAR Programme and EWA
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India is working on the Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition & Reconnaissance (ISTAR) programme with the US under the India-US Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI)

  • October 16, 2021
    Minority Killings in Kashmir Valley
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    It may appear that the above minority killings in the Valley are in response to signs of normalisation returning and hindering government plans to return Kashmiri Pandits to J&K

  • October 16, 2021
    Second Phase Malabar 2021
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The second phase of Malabar 2021 exercise is reflective of the commitment of the participating countries to support a free, open, inclusive Indo-Pacific as well as a rules-based international order

  • October 16, 2021
    Deep Sea - Lurking Danger
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) are already proliferating and as they grow in size and scope, they will add more complex and capable sonar, AI brains, communications links, and other technologies that will allow them to better monitor enemy submarine movements and attack them when required

  • October 16, 2021
    13th India-China Military Talks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    During the meeting, the Indian side made constructive suggestions for resolving the remaining areas but the Chinese side was not agreeable and also could not provide any forward-looking proposals. The meeting thus did not result in resolution of the remaining areas.

  • October 6, 2021
    QUAD Leaders Summit and AUKUS
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    QUAD can actually be as powerful as AUKUS or even more, in case the capabilities of all members is built up suitably, under the pledge of sharing critical and futuristic technologies

  • October 6, 2021
    Rocket Force and Theatre Commands
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A committee was constituted that includes Vice Chiefs of Army, Navy and Air Force, Chief of Integrated Defence Staff and representatives of other ministries and departments, to resolve internal differences of Armed Forces, consult external stake holders like the MHA and MoF and look into the structure, composition, nomenclature and reporting channels of the proposed tri-Service commands

  • October 6, 2021
    Mirage 2000, Su-30 and More
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The new acquisitions are also geared towards developing indigenous supply chains for spare parts and engines. This will empower original equipment spares to be 'Made in India', which in turn should help counter any possible shortage of spares

  • October 6, 2021
    Simulators for Armed Forces
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The policy document lays emphasis on indigenous design and development as well as outsourcing of operation and maintenance of simulators to the Indian companies

  • October 6, 2021
    Prime Minister Modi Meets Global CEOs
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The excellent initiative taken by the Prime Minister in meeting with the CEOs of global firms will help improve the technological prowess of India, improve the economy, contribute towards Atmanirbhar Bharat and open up more employment opportunities

  • October 6, 2021
    More Arjun Main Battle Tanks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Infused with 72 new features and more indigenous content from the earlier variant, the Arjun Mk-1A is expected to provide effortless mobility in all terrains, besides precise target engagement during day and night

  • September 16, 2021
    India-Australia 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Both India and Australia agreed to work jointly to realise full potential of the bilateral Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP).

  • September 16, 2021
    Minesweeping Criticality
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Though the deal was supposed to be closed in 2016 but discussions on technology transfer (ToT) reportedly caused delays

  • September 16, 2021
    Forces Arming for Drone Warfare
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    All the three services of the Indian Armed Forces are moving ahead speedily for the acquisition of Drones and Anti-Drone technologies, mostly indigenous systems that are developed by Indian companies

  • September 16, 2021
    Landing Platform Docks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    After a lapse of over a decade, MoD now has again revived the project to indigenously build 4 x LPDs for the Indian Navy

  • September 16, 2021
    Powering the Skies
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Various developments on the military aviation front augurs well for the capability development of the Indian Air Force as they scurry to augment their resources in the skies

  • September 16, 2021
    Afghanistan - Terror Renaissance
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Taliban's interim government includes some 14 UN-designated terrorists. Out of the 98 US-designated terrorist organisations globally, 20 are located in Afghanistan-Pakistan region - 13 in Afghanistan and seven in Pakistan.

  • September 6, 2021
    Decoding the Taliban Puzzle
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There is ample proof of Pakistani regulars and Mujahids fighting alongside Taliban in covert mode, with Pakistani officers even leading Taliban columns. The Taliban were raised in Peshawar, not in Kandahar as believed.

  • September 6, 2021
    Coming - 70,000 AK-203 Rifles
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The contract for these 70,000 was signed between the MoD and Russian representatives, in the presence of officials from Indo-Russia Rifles Pvt Ltd. These rifles are expected to begin arriving in the country from November this year.

  • September 6, 2021
    Vikrant's Light Signaling System
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian Navy personnel have been trained by Aerosvet's engineers in installation of light signaling system on INS Vikrant

  • September 6, 2021
    China's Kabul Diplomacy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chinese Ambassador to Afghanistan lost no time in opening diplomatic dialogue with the Taliban, indirectly signaling China's recognition of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan

  • September 6, 2021
    Developments in Aviation Sector
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Indian Government is planning to invest $1.83 billion for development of airport infrastructure along with aviation navigation services by 2026.

  • September 6, 2021
    Light Drone Interceptor
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The terrorist threat to India has gone up with the Taliban taking control of Afghanistan. The possibility of terrorists using drones has certainly gone up, as is the possibility of CBRN attacks.

  • August 21, 2021
    Geopolitical Shifts Could Unfold Post T-Afghanistan
    By Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha (Retd)

    China is entering this space created by the withdrawal of US troops. It will like to swiftly maneuver in order to gain significant advantage towards solidifying its continental strategy driven by BRI.

  • August 19, 2021
    Taliban Takeover of Afghanistan
    By Air Marshal B.K. Pandey (Retd)

    Although Pakistan plays a major role in Afghanistan in practically all segments, yet Afghanistan would not like to be seen as a mere crony of Pakistan.

  • August 15, 2021
    Army's Contribution in Olympics
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Army has always contributed sportsmen at national and international sports events. For the 2021 Tokyo Olympics, 12 Indian Army personnel formed part of the Indian contingent.

  • August 15, 2021
    Indian Fuselage for Apache Helicopters
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The production of the 100th fuselage for Apache helicopters has been accomplished by TABL within three years of the facility being established at Hyderabad

  • August 15, 2021
    Seventh War Olympics
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The competition fosters military to military cooperation while building upon the best practices of participating nations.

  • August 15, 2021
    US Superpower Image Cracks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With the pull-out from Afghanistan, the superpower image of the US has taken a severe hit and that too at a time when Washington may have to deal with China and Russia collectively

  • August 15, 2021
    Maritime Security to The Fore
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With increasing maritime threats, India is all set to establish a National Maritime Security Coordinator (NSMC). The NSMC will interface between the civilian and military maritime domain with the objective of enhancing security architecture and energy security of India.

  • August 15, 2021
    K9 Vajra Mountain Trials Successful
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    According to sources in the defence and security establishment, trials of 3 x K9 Vajra which were sent to Ladakh earlier this year have been successful and because it is tracked, the movement in the mountains becomes easier so the system can be deployed strategically.

  • August 6, 2021
    Xi Jinping in Occupied Tibet
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    During Xi's visit to Lhasa, public movement was restriced, work in factories and sites was halted and flying of kites and drones prohibited

  • August 6, 2021
    Coming - MQ-9 Reapers and Armed Herons
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Once cleared by the DAC, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) will need to give its final approval before procurement of the Predator-B armed drones can move forward

  • August 6, 2021
    China Breaching Indian Security
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian companies are aiding China breach security at various levels in India by supplying fake and cheap spare parts and sub-standard quality Chinese surveillance devices for use in our military equipment and defence establishments

  • August 6, 2021
    Malabar Exercise - Signaling China
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    People's Republic of China should be taking cognizance of the global reaction to its belligerent and expansionist territorial claims including its maritime claims in the East and South China seas.

  • August 6, 2021
    Vikrant on Sea Trials
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Vikrant is also known as the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1, or IAC-1. It will be the second ship to bear the name 'Vikrant'.

  • August 6, 2021
    Clipping Wings of OFB Worker Unions
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Essential Defence Services Bill-2021 effectively rules out future strikes by workers' federation of OFB unless they want to defy the bill by going on strike and challenge the government to collectively dismiss them

  • July 22, 2021
    Success of MPATGM: Huge boost to indigenisation
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    The timing of the success is even more significant as it has happened at a time when the border stand-off with China still continues

  • July 19, 2021
    The Disengagement Quagmire
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    After Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi agreed to complete disengagement in September 2020, China has continued to dither disengaging from Gogra, Hot Springs and Depsang

  • July 19, 2021
    China's Underwater Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Mass deployment of Drones gives a tremendous underwater advantage to Beijing not only for quietly gathering hydrographic data in territorial waters of other countries but also military advantage to the PLA

  • July 19, 2021
    Counter Drone Systems for IAF
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A CUAS detects and intercepts hostile drones and unmanned aerial systems, which can be used for intelligence gathering or smuggling contraband, or to deploy explosives

  • July 19, 2021
    Procuring Kamov Helicopters
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Armed Forces urgently need 498 light utility helicopters to replace their obsolete single-engine Cheetah/Chetak fleets, which have been dogged by a high crash rate and serviceability problems.

  • July 19, 2021
    The Drone Challenge
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Drone Rules, 2021 will lead to an explosion of drone use in India. The number of unregulated but active over 6,00,000 drones in India could jump to 10-20 times that number of drones, regulated through self-certification.

  • July 19, 2021
    The Taliban Game Plan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Taliban want to establish an Islamic Emirate ruled by Taliban rule and with Sharia imposed throughout Afghanistan. The peace talks are more of a game for Taliban concurrent to their offensive.

  • July 17, 2021
    Air Defence Gun Systems - Light at the end of the Barrel
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    The projected requirement would be a minimum of 1000 guns in a phased manner and it is obvious that 6000 crores is not enough. More funds will be allotted depending on the success of the project.

  • July 6, 2021
    Jammu Drone Attack is Wakeup Call
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Drone threat is not merely cross-border but equally potent from the hinterland. Therefore, merely deploying drone defence dome systems along the borders will not be enough.

  • July 6, 2021
    Russia Sprut Tanks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    During the visit of Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Russia in September 2020, Russia offered the Sprut SDM1 light tanks in response to Rajnath mentioning that India was looking for light tanks. Now Russia has responded to the RFI with the same offer.

  • July 6, 2021
    Beyond the Decision to Corporatise OFB
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Government has approved restructuring of the OFB and the 41 OFs into seven Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) but their accountability, efficiency and competitiveness will improve only with privatisation

  • July 6, 2021
    Defence Cyber Command
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian Government is planning to set up a 'proper' Cyber Command in the hinterland of Madhya Pradesh for providing a fighting edge to the proposed Theatre Commands

  • July 6, 2021
    Child Soldiers of Pakistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    US has added Pakistan in the list of countries under Child Soldier Prevention Act (CSPA) which prohibits the issuance of licenses for direct commercial sales of military equipment to such governments

  • July 6, 2021
    Agni Prime Successfully Tested
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Agni Prime is part of a much larger arsenal that India wants to deploy in the Indo-Pacific region to effectively deter China in the maritime domain

  • July 2, 2021
    Drone Attack: Are We Prepared Enough?
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    While the discussion around the use of armed drones is not new, not only do these concerns remain unresolved but, with drone warfare continuing to expand and evolve, new layers are being added to the controversies posed by the use of armed drones

  • June 22, 2021
    The Taliban Factor
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India has lagged in establishing contacts with the Afghan Taliban despite writing on the wall over the past several years that they will likely come to power in Kabul after the exit of US troops from Afghanistan or have a major say in governance

  • June 22, 2021
    Hypersonic and Stealth Aircraft
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Russia and China lead in hypersonic weapon development, trailed by the US. India, France, Australia and Japan too are developing these technologies.

  • June 22, 2021
    Second Negative Import List
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    An all around growth of our defence industry is required, not through the DRDO-OFB-DPSUs alone with role of private defence industry and MSMEs relegated to being subcontracted to the governmental defence industrial complex

  • June 22, 2021
    Border Infrastructure
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Chinese aggression in 2020 has woken up India to its strategic inadequacies including in border infrastructure

  • June 22, 2021
    Aero Engines
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Aero Engine is an important critical technology. We need to establish a JV for aero engines with an OEM at the earliest.

  • June 22, 2021
    FRCV to The Fore
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In conformity with the emerging future threat spectrum and the technological advancements, the Indian Army intends to induct a new state-of-the-art and technology-enabled tank

  • June 19, 2021
    DAC approves RFP for construction of six submarines
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    This project envisages indigenous construction of six conventional stealth submarines equipped with the state-of-the-art Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system, at an estimated cost of 43,000 crore (about $5.8 billion)

  • June 19, 2021
    Pearl in the String
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan earlier had some misgivings on the economic viability of CPEC and that it represents a debt trap but on May 24, 2021, he met China’s Ambassador to Pakistan and reiterated the highest priority accorded by his government to the CPEC

  • June 17, 2021
    Integrated approach to Air Defence in India
    By Lt. General A.P. Singh, Director General, Army Air Defence

    The AD architecture world over, throws up three types of integration i.e., geographical integration, resources/assets integration and the functional integration.

  • June 11, 2021
    FRCV - Aimed to Shock and Awe
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    The RFI states that the Indian Army requires state-of-the-art Main Battle Tank namely Future Ready Combat Vehicle (FRCV) to replace the existing tank fleet.

  • June 11, 2021
    Army Triggers Atmanirbhar
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    The Indian Army, to boost self reliance, has set up its own Army Design Bureau (ADB) for indigenous procurements and reduce import dependence

  • June 6, 2021
    Another Chinese Conquest in Colombo
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China getting 220 acres on 99 years lease and 49 acres free-hold in Colombo Port City is a massive strategic victory for Beijing

  • June 6, 2021
    The Offset Googly
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Offset clause in Inter-Government Agreements (IGA) under the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP 2020) was removed and a new category for leasing military equipment introduced.

  • June 6, 2021
    Bhutan’s Summer of 2021
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Over the years China has occupied a large swath of territory in Western Bhutan through salami slicing

  • June 6, 2021
    Counter Maoist Operations
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Maharashtra Police had undergone training at the Counter Terrorism and Jungle Warfare (CTJW) College at Kanker in Chhattisgarh between 2008 and 2011, after which they established their own training establishment near Nagpur employing a veteran army officer for initial few years

  • June 6, 2021
    Advanced Herons for LAC
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Heron TP equipped with automatic taxi-take-off and landing (ATOL) and satellite communication (SATCOM) systems has all weather capability and will help the Indian Army enhance its surveillance capabilities along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China

  • June 6, 2021
    New Runway in Mauritius
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India is fully financing a new three kilometre long runway on the island of North Agalega to develop the Agaléga islands and resolve infrastructural problems faced by the inhabitants

  • June 2, 2021
    Unite to Fight Corona Delta and Pernicious Forces
    By Lt. General Dushyant Singh (Retd)

    Investigations on the CORONA being a bio warfare are already on and the circumstantial evidence points too strongly towards China. Hope India was not a victim of bio warfare as efforts to bring down India...

  • May 25, 2021
    Navy’s Utility Helicopter - A Twist in the Tale
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    By 2025, Indian Navy will be faced with a major capability gap for Naval Utility Helicopters.

  • May 25, 2021
    QUAD – Revisited
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) was an informal strategic forum between India, US, Japan and Australia initiated in 2007

  • May 20, 2021
    American Sunset in Afghanistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The US war in Afghanistan is the longest in which some 2,312 US military personnel have died since their invasion in 2001

  • May 20, 2021
    Military Officers As Bureaucrats
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Appointment of serving military officers as Additional Secretary and Joint Secretaries in the DMA is not a big deal as is being made out

  • May 20, 2021
    Space Planes
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The ISRO Two-Stage-to-Orbit (TSTO) Space Plane would fulfill the near term access-to-space goals while greatly reducing the cost, substantially improving mission flexibility, operability, safety and reliability, while also offering significant growth potential

  • May 20, 2021
    2-DG Drug Helping COVID-19 Patients
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    DRDO affiliated Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS) worked in partnership with Dr Reddy’s Laboratories for the clinical trials showing it to be effective in controlling the pandemic

  • May 20, 2021
    Plugging Armed Forces Criticalities
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Armed Forces are looking at leasing more military equipment and platforms from foreign countries to plug critical operational deficiencies

  • May 20, 2021
    India-UK Defence Cooperation
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Modi-Johnson virtual meet and adoption of the India-UK Roadmap to 2030 have opened new vistas for taking the bilateral defence relationship to the next level

  • May 14, 2021
    Army needs Light Tanks
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    The main gun of the Light Tanks should have advance multipurpose ‘Smart Munitions’ and be able to fire tube launched anti-tank guided missile with the capability to defeat tanks and soft skinned vehicles.

  • May 14, 2021
    Update on China’s intrusion in Ladakh
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    Chinese side made several attempts to cross the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in other parts of the Western Sector which included Kongka La, Gogra and North Bank of Pangong Lake.

  • May 6, 2021
    Did Beijing Trigger Second Virus Wave?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Within India, Delhi (the national capital), Mumbai (the financial capital) and Bengaluru (the IT capital) are most affected. This creates the impression that akin to ‘tactical nukes’ China has developed ‘tactical bio-bombs’

  • May 6, 2021
    Indian Navy Getting MH-60R Seahawks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The MH-60R helicopters have been selected by the navies of the United States, Denmark, Australia and Saudi Arabia. Indian Navy will be the latest user

  • May 6, 2021
    China Deploys Long Range MLRS
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The MLRS will enable the PLA to strike deeper across the LAC especially with China having extended its map grids into India that will enable acquiring targets on the Indian side

  • May 6, 2021
    More Teeth for Indian Navy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The requirement for India is to define its role within its IOR strategy and keep providing more teeth to the Indian Navy in keeping with the expanding threats

  • May 6, 2021
    LCA Tejas Gets Python-5
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Tejas multi-role supersonic fighter manufactured indigenously at the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is designed to carry a range of air-to-air, air-to-surface, precision-guided weapons. It provides a potent platform for aerial combat, offensive air support missions, and reconnaissance and anti-ship operations.

  • May 6, 2021
    Light Tanks for Indian Army
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The new RFI issued by the Indian Army calls for a light tank featuring a multiple, modular and upgradable weapon system with the capability to destroy and offer countermeasures

  • April 20, 2021
    Major Maoist Strike - no lessons learned
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Another tragedy in counter-Maoist operations indicates that lives of the jawans is cheap and the hierarchy, both political and the police force, remain lackadaisical

  • April 20, 2021
    Quad Exercise with French Navy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The latest edition of 'La Perouse' indicates that the Quad is emerging as the fulcrum of like-minded nations in the Indo-Pacific

  • April 20, 2021
    Indo-French Space Cooperation
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Indo-French relationship in space is spread over different facets of space science, technology and applications, including sounding rocket development, liquid engine development, hosting of payloads, joint satellite realisation, training programmes, satellite communication experiment and satellite launches.

  • April 20, 2021
    11th India-China Military Talks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Unlike the last few rounds of talks, there was no India-China joint statement. This is maybe because China is not for anymore disengagement.

  • April 20, 2021
    India in China’s Cyber Crosshairs
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) has recently stated that China is capable of launching cyber attacks on large amount of Indian systems

  • April 20, 2021
    India-Kyrgyz Republic Special Forces Exercise
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Both countries have signed several framework agreements, including on culture, trade and economic cooperation. Joint Special Forces Exercise ‘Khanjar’ has now become an annual affair.

  • April 6, 2021
    US Secretary of Defence visit to India
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Austin said elevating the India-US defence relationship is a priority for the Biden administration while describing the partnership as a stronghold of a free and open Indo-Pacific region

  • April 6, 2021
    HPM Armed Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The counter-drone arms race is leading to advance research and development to implement technologies that will detect and defeat swarms

  • April 6, 2021
    Mine-Proof FICV and High Altitude Vehicles
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In mid-2017, US offered US-India-Israel trilateral production of FICV under the India-US Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) but little has happened over past so many years

  • April 6, 2021
    Light Specialist Vehicles
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    These LSVs are capable of performing in extreme terrain, with maneuverability, high speed and stability, has the provision to mount a rocket launcher and machine guns, and can be airlifted and dropped into enemy territory, for use as an advance fast strike vehicle

  • April 6, 2021
    LiDAR Satellites
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Considering the enlarging threats to India and with the possibility of conflict with China and its allies in the short, medium and long terms, our scientists, policy makers and military planners need to examine the military applications of satellite-based LiDAR platforms

  • April 6, 2021
    Korean Defence Minister Suh Wook’s India Visit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence and security relations between India and Republic of Korea have been on the rise with regular interactions at multiple levels including at ministerial levels

  • March 19, 2021
    First Quad Leaders Summit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The first ever Quad Leaders Summit did give a new signal to China. But the question is whether the Quad will force China to back off?

  • March 19, 2021
    Missile Tracking Ship
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The 15,000 tonne INS Dhruv is one of the largest warships to be built at an Indian yard and was being built under a confidential programme directly under the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)

  • March 19, 2021
    Rohingyas in Jammu
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Nationality verification for them is being done and on this basis the procedure for deportation will be initiated. However, India has no extradition treaty with Myanmar. The problem of Rohingyas in Jammu is far more serious as it also endangers security.

  • March 19, 2021
    AIP and Nuclear Powered Submarines
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) allows a submarine to remain under water for prolonged periods while also making it quieter. This new technology will add to lethality of Indian submarines.

  • March 19, 2021
    Coming - Armed Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    For India, the SeaGuardian drones will be vital as they can be fitted with anti-missile and radar components, enabling their readiness for any military operation

  • March 19, 2021
    Beijing’s Venom in Myanmar
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China’s economic investments, military exports and sub-conventional hold over Myanmar ensures that whatever happens in Myanmar is orchestrated from Beijing

  • March 15, 2021
    QUAD 3.0: Window of Opportunity for India
    By Lt. General Dushyant Singh (Retd)

    In the First QUAD Summit, held on March 12, 2021 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, US President Joe Biden, Japan PM Yoshihide Suga and Australian PM Scott Morrison met through virtual mode and shared their vision for the free and open Indo-Pacific

  • March 8, 2021
    The China-Pakistan Threat
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In an article published in Pakistani Media, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi explained that China will continue to work with Pakistan to strengthen their iron friendship and that relations between the countries have become a strategic asset that both sides cherish

  • March 8, 2021
    Colombo offers WCT to India-Japan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Reports have emerged that Sri Lanka after reneging from the MOC signed with India and Japan on the East Container Terminal (ECT) has now offered the West Container Terminal (WCT) located on the other side of the jetty to India and Japan

  • March 8, 2021
    Beyond 10th India-China Military Talks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Having achieved its aim of India vacating strategic heights south of Pangong Tso, according to reports, China is now reluctant to discuss further disengagement, leaving out Gogra, Hot Springs and Depsang.

  • March 8, 2021
    The Lacuna in FATF Blacklisting
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Despite Pakistan being the epicenter of terror generation and its record of nuclear proliferation, it has continued to escape the FATF ‘Black List’

  • March 8, 2021
    Boosting India-Maldives Security Relations
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Government of Maldives has signed a pact with India for enhancing the capability of the MNDF and Maldivian Coast Guard

  • March 8, 2021
    ISTARs in The Sky
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The IAF has expressed urgency for the ISTAR programme to get going early and has provided full backing to the indigenous ISTAR as a priority future asset to support precision strikes

  • February 19, 2021
    Pakistan’s SFJ and Canada Connect
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    SFJ’s websites being managed from Karachi with assistance from Pakistan’s ISI and Pakistani army veterans linked to the Khalistanis in Canada are proof of Pakistan's ongoing support to Sikh separatists

  • February 19, 2021
    The Race for IAF Fighters
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    It should be for the IAF to make the final selection, based on merit and free from all geopolitical pressures that they will likely face

  • February 19, 2021
    Pullback From Pangong Tso
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Agreeing to vacate positions that are dominating PLA’s Moldo Garrison in South Bank of Pangong Tso is a strategic blunder. It is a masterstroke for China in having us vacate these heights even before discussing any disengagement at Depsang.

  • February 19, 2021
    Midflight Missile Interception
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There is no doubt that midflight missile interception technology is of great strategic significance and once fully developed, China’s midcourse anti-ballistic missile technology could change the balance of power

  • February 19, 2021
    Growing Defence Exports
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With an aim to increase the current defence exports to $5 billion by 2025, Indian government has drawn an export list covering 85 kinds of equipment encompassing 125 items and 47 sub-systems to boost the defence exports

  • February 19, 2021
    Unmanned Gaganyaan Mission in 2021
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    ISRO plans to launch at least one unmanned Gaganyaan mission this year in 2021 as at least two successful unmanned missions are needed before the manned missions

  • February 11, 2021
    Disengagement in Ladakh: A Welcome Development
    By Lt. General Dushyant Singh (Retd)

    Chinese side agreeing to the unconditional disengagement may be attributed to the steadfast and unblinking approach of the Indian Armed Forces and the whole hearted support by Government of India to them

  • February 9, 2021
    COVID Speed Breaker of Defence Expectations
    By Lt. General Dushyant Singh (Retd)

    Despite India being at No 3 spot globally with only USA and China ahead of it in defence spending, the gap is huge with China. Chinese expenditure was four times that of India. This is likely to convey an impression of weakness to our primary adversary China in the face of recent happenings in Ladakh.

  • February 9, 2021
    Defence Allocation 2021
    By Major General Yash Mor (Retd)

    India spends one of the lowest on defence among the top six economies of the world as a percent of the GDP. At a time when the nation is faced with a war like situation with China in the northern borders, it was expected that the defence spending will get a boost.

  • February 1, 2021
    Defence Budget for FY 2021-2022
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The defence budget for 2021-22 is still less than 2 percent of the Union budget. There were expectations of larger funds to prepare the Armed Forces for a possible conflict with China and a two-front war.

  • February 1, 2021
    Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chinese intentions of setting up border villages are quite obvious. Not only do these villages help substantiate China’s illegal territorial claims, these dwellings house PLA personnel and intelligence operatives mixed with local population.

  • February 1, 2021
    GPS Circle Spoofing and Electronic Attacks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Various events in the recent past have pointed towards GPS disruptions as the cause of the accident. Iran is the first nation to publicly announce it had the ability to spoof GPS signals and appears to have used it to great advantage.

  • February 1, 2021
    Ninth India-China Senior Military Commanders Talks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China appears to be ‘humouring’ India by continuing these series of talks while going on consolidating their deployments in Eastern Ladakh and bringing forward more weapon systems

  • February 1, 2021
    Army Focuses on Tibetology
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India needs to seriously review its policy towards Tibet especially because China’s stand will harden more. Much benefit can accrue from understanding Tibetology as it will help understand how China is expanding cross-border influence.

  • February 1, 2021
    Blast next to Israel Embassy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In light of the importance of the 29th anniversary of India-Israel diplomatic relations, intelligence agencies had issued an alert about a possible terrorist attack on Jews and Israelis from elements linked to the Islamic State

  • January 20, 2021
    America’s Indo-Pacific Plan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Three documents released in Washington DC during January 2021 are notable. One is the fact sheet covering activity of the Wuhan Institute of Virology in China, which leaves little doubt about China’s deceit and disinformation about the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic that has already resulted some two million killed globally and over 10 million infected.

  • January 20, 2021
    Defence Budget 2021-2022
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is scheduled to present the Union Budget for FY2021-2022 on February 1. There are varied suggestions and expectations.

  • January 20, 2021
    Drone Killing Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh last year has brought to fore how drones can be effectively uses to destroy enemy troops, tanks, artillery and air defence systems, transforming the battlefield in favour of which side is proficient in deploying drones effectively.

  • January 20, 2021
    Indigenous Tactical Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Chinese aggression in 2020 has spurred the government to equip the Army with tactical drones. News reports of July 22, 2020 had revealed that the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) was providing indigenously...

  • January 20, 2021
    Pakistani Subterfuge for FATF
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Ahead of the next plenary of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) scheduled from February 21-26, 2021 in Paris, which may be held virtually, Pakistan is engaged in playing the usual ruse by taking face saving measures against designated terrorist...

  • January 20, 2021
    First Indigenous Machine Pistol
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India has developed its first indigenous 9 mm Machine Pistol – ‘ASMI’. The Ministry of Defence (MoD) released a statement on January 14, 2021 stating, “Infantry School, Mhow and DRDO’s Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE)...

  • January 7, 2021
    America’s Tibet Policy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A new landmark was established in US-China relations when US President Donald Trump signed the Tibetan Policy and Support Act (TPSA) 2020 on December 28, 2020 making it a law. Earlier the TPSA was passed by the US Senate.

  • January 7, 2021
    Military Transport Aircraft
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Media has quoted official sources intimating them on January 5, 2021 that government is likely to finalise the deal to procure 56 transport aircraft for the Indian Air Force (IAF) at a cost of $2.5 billion.

  • January 7, 2021
    New Frontiers in Space Cooperation
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    During the virtual meeting between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Bhutan’s Prime Minister Lotay Tshering on November 20, 2020, Modi announced, “I am happy to tell you that ISRO is planning to send a Bhutanese satellite to outer space next year and work is going on in full pace.

  • January 7, 2021
    Army Chief Visits South Korea
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Army Chief General M.M. Naravane made a four day visit to the Republic of Korea commencing December 28, 2020. He met South Korean Defence Minister Suh Wook and other senior military officials and discussed ways to boost cooperation between the two sides.

  • January 7, 2021
    Indigenising Smerch / Tornado Would Be Good
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Among the numerous advances in artillery, rockets and missiles in India and abroad, the basic aim is to develop capacity to hit the enemy at the farthest distance.

  • January 7, 2021
    Growing Discontent in Pakistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The recent killing of 11 Hazara Shiite miners in Balochistan for which the Islamic State has claimed responsibility is just one of the hundreds of incidents of ethnic strife in Pakistan.

  • December 20, 2020
    Army Chief Visits Gulf Countries
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The recent six-day visit of General M.M. Naravane to the UAE and Saudi Arabia beginning December 9, 2020, was a landmark in further boosting India’s relations with these two countries.

  • December 20, 2020
    Indigenous Carbines
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Indian Army’s quest for a close quarter battle (CQB) carbine stretching over some 15 years may possibly fructify in another 3-4 years even though fast track procurement (FTP) to buy 93,895 such carbines from UAE-based firm Caracal...

  • December 20, 2020
    PLA’s Human Deficit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Don’t underestimate the enemy is an old saying which is synonymous to give the devil his due. But if the mask that President Xi Jinping hides his emotions, his shock at what has happened in Eastern Ladakh is apparent, notwithstanding the devil inside him and the ruthlessness he displays.

  • December 20, 2020
    SMASH 2000 Plus for Navy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh in his annual press briefing on the eve of Navy Day in December 2020 has said that the Navy is procuring SMASH 2000 Plus as anti-drone equipment to protect against attacking drones.

  • December 20, 2020
    More Eyes in the Sky for IAF
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    News reports quoting government sources state that as per a recent discussions on the Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) Block 2 aircraft to be developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under...

  • December 20, 2020
    Specter of CAATSA over S-400
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The ‘Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act’ (CAATSA) is a US federal law that was passed in the US Senate on July 27, 2017. Under CAATSA, the US imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea and Russia.

  • December 17, 2020
    Has China finally lost the plot with India
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    It has been eight months since the stand-off between Indian and Chinese troops in the Eastern Ladakh region was first reported. The escalation of violence by China resulting in 20 Indian soldiers being martyred enraged the entire nation asking for blood.

  • December 10, 2020
    China Sends Warplanes to Pakistan For Exercise: Should India be worried?
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    The first such drill was held in Pakistan in March 2011. The Chinese Defence ministry did not reveal the number or type of the aircraft participating this time...

  • December 7, 2020
    India’s Message to SCO
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Vice President Venkaiah Naidu on November 30 chaired the 19th Session of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Council of Heads of Government held in virtual mode.

  • December 7, 2020
    BrahMos – Time to Go Global
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    BrahMos missile is one of its own kind supersonic missile having a maximum speed of 2.8 Mach (around 3,450 kmph or 2,148 mph) which is difficult to intercept by surface-to-air missiles including because of its immense ability to evade various radars.

  • December 7, 2020
    Shukrayaan – Probing Venus
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is looking at 2024 for launch of its mission ‘Shukrayaan’ to probe Venus instead of earlier schedule in June 2023 on account of COVID-19.

  • December 7, 2020
    China-Pak Up Hybrid War
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China and Pakistan are making every possible effort to up their collusive hybrid war on India. Media reports of November 24 reveal that the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has unearthed a 1,000 crore hawala ring run by China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in India.

  • December 7, 2020
    Snubs and Hug for Wei Fenghe
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chinese Defence Minister General Wei Fenghe received mixed responses during his recent visit to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan during November 2020.

  • December 7, 2020
    Indigenous QRSAM – Induction 2021
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The indigenous Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is slated go for production in 2021 after completing user trials over the next six months.

  • November 23, 2020
    SPRUT SDM1: The Last Thing Indian Army Needs
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    No other country in any part of the world has evinced any interest in the same so far for numerous reasons including major shortcomings like limited armour protection, accuracy and subsequent maintenance and sustenance.

  • November 20, 2020
    The Depsang Tangle
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament Subramanian Swamy created quite a flutter on Twitter with his tweet on November 15 that read: “I asked a national security officer how could the Chinese PLA build such an extensive infrastructure in such short period in Depsang.

  • November 20, 2020
    Iran’s Counter to Pakistani Terror
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Akin to India and Afghanistan, Iran too has been victim of Pakistan’s cross-border terrorism. For Iran, the situation has been aggravated because of institutionalised killings of Shia Muslims in Pakistan, as also in Afghanistan through Pakistan-backed Taliban, Haqqanis and the Islamic State of Khorasan Province (ISKP).

  • November 20, 2020
    EOS-01 Military Satellite Orbiting
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    On November 7, 2020, military satellite EOS-01 was launched into space from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota along with nine international customer satellites. These satellites were carried on board India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) in its fifty first flight - PSLV-C49.

  • November 20, 2020
    Extended Range and Guided Pinakas
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    One positive consequence from the Chinese aggression in Ladakh is it has shaken up the governmental defence-industrial complex out of slumber, perhaps on receiving a jibe from the government.

  • November 20, 2020
    Beyond the ASAT Capability
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Mission ‘Shakti’ executed on March 27, 2019, successfully shooting down a low-earth satellite, demonstrated India’s anti-satellite (ASAT) capabilities. This enabled India to join the elite club of countries having similar capabilities; the US, Russia and China.

  • November 20, 2020
    China’s ULFA Gambit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The recent surrender by Drishti Rajkhowa alias Drishti Asom, the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of banned insurgent organisation, ULFA (I) with his four bodyguards to the Army on November 12, 2020 at Rangiya in Assam made headlines.

  • November 7, 2020
    Indo-US 2+2 Dialogue – New Chapter?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The third India-US 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue held last month in New Delhi between Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar of India with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defence Mark T. Esper...

  • November 7, 2020
    Defence against Swarm Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Islamic State used multiple drones on many occasions against the US and Iraqi forces engaged in retaking territory seized by them in Iraq. On January 5, 2018, 13 x GPS guided drones launched more than 50 km away attacked the Russian Air and Naval Bases at Khemmiem and Tartus in West Syria respectively.

  • November 7, 2020
    Army Chief’s Nepal Visit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian Army Chief, General Manoj Mukund Naravane, accompanied with his wife Veena Naravane, recently made a three-day visit to Nepal beginning November 04. Nepal had not cleared General Naravane’s visit on February 03, 2020 reason for which was later cited as COVID-19 but the pandemic had not struck India and Nepal then.

  • November 7, 2020
    China’s Pullback Googly
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    While talks with China are continuing to ease the standoff in Eastern Ladakh, the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) is consolidating along the entire length of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

  • November 7, 2020
    Advances in Exoskeleton Army Gear
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    News reports of September 2019 stated that the Defence Bioengineering and Electro-medical Laboratory (DEBEL) of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has been collating data for Simulation and Analysis of Musco-skeletal parts, like lower limb simulation (while the soldier is standing), etc.

  • November 7, 2020
    Soft Tentacles of Terror
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Propaganda and disinformation to destabilise a region/country form essential components of hybrid warfare. These generate public support, without which terrorists would not survive.

  • October 20, 2020
    Beijing’s Continued Logjam
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Seventh Corps Commander level India-China talks at Chushul on October 12 remained largely inconclusive as expected. The joint statement as reported in Chinese media had similar diplomatic scripts as earlier saying...

  • October 20, 2020
    Small Arms for Infantry
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Equipping Army’s infantry soldiers with modern small arms has always been a problem. The usual reference is to 70 years of neglect but it is conveniently forgotten that the common factor is the bureaucracy which continues to play its own games irrespective of which government is in power.

  • October 20, 2020
    Pakistan Stoking Khalistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The reason why China and Pakistan are bed fellows is because both share the DNA of Satan. China has incarcerated a million Uighur Muslims in Auschwitz-like concentration camps, demolished hundreds of mosques building toilets...

  • October 20, 2020
    US Focus on Tibet
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China’s biological bombing of the world, abrasive all round aggression in line with President Xi Jinping’s moves to dominate the world and growing US-China friction has led to America appointing an envoy for Tibet.

  • October 20, 2020
    The Missile Punch
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In a signal to China, India conducted a slew of missile tests recently. These included the 400-km extended range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, the Shaurya hypersonic missile, a low skimming subsonic Nirbhay cruise missile, SMART long range torpedoes, and RUDRAM anti-radiation missile.

  • October 20, 2020
    Certifying Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    News reports of October 03 have confirmed that Hyderabad-headquartered TQ Cert Services has become India’s first third-party certification body (CB) for drones.

  • October 1, 2020
    Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence Minister Rajnath Singh released Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020 on September 28, 2020 which is an improvement on the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016.

  • October 1, 2020
    Boosting Combat Drones Capability
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    As China remains hostile with its state media saying China does not recognise the Union Territory of Ladakh, established “illegally” by India, India is going in for boosting its combat drones capabilities.

  • October 1, 2020
    Integrated Drone Swarm - Armoured Vehicle
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In June 2017, China reported several drones delivering food, medicines and water to PLA soldiers – calling them ‘care packages’ for front-line soldiers delivered automatically.

  • October 1, 2020
    Ageing Helicopters
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Adverse affects of decades of neglect of defence and negative defence budgets in actual terms under various governments are coming to fore, faced with the Chinese aggression.

  • October 1, 2020
    ATAGS Mishap
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    As part of the ‘Make in India’ initiative and indigenisation, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has designed and developed the 155mm/52mm calibre Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) project in conjunction with Kalyani Group, Tata Power and OFB to replace older guns.